Scoring Information



Before each match, wrestlers are assigned a color (green or red) that corresponds to green and red wrist bands worn by the referee and used to award points during the match.

High school matches consist of three 2-minute periods with no rest between periodsIf a wrestler pins his opponent at any time before the end of the third period, the match is over and the winning wrestler earns a win by fall (pin). If the match ends in a tie, a series of shorter periods will be utilized to determine a winner.

The match can also end before the end of regulation time by technical fall (15 point advantage), or if one wrestler is disqualified for illegal conduct, or if one wrestler can't continue the match due to injury. In the case of an injury, the injured wrestler loses by injury default.

Takedown = 2 Pts. From the neutral position, when one wrestler takes the other wrestler down to the mat and controls him from the top, a takedown is scored – 2 Pts.

Reversal = 2 Pts. When a wrestler is on the bottom (either in the referee's position or following a takedown) and reverses his opponent to the top position, a reversal is scored – 2 Pts.

Escape = 1 Pt. When a wrestler is on the bottom (either in the referee's position or following a takedown) and escapes to the neutral position without reversing the top man, an escape is scored – 1 Pt.

Near Fall (back points/exposure) = 2 Pts. When the bottom wrestler has his back exposed to the mat at an angle of 45 degrees or less for a count of at least 2 seconds, but less than 5 seconds, a 2 Pt. near fall is scored.

Near Fall (back points/exposure) = 3 Pts. When the bottom wrestler has his back exposed to the mat at an angle of 45 degrees or less for a count of 5 seconds or more, a 3 Pt. near fall is scored.

Overtime Scoring ("Sudden Victory") – If a match is tied at the end of regulation, a one minute period will be employeed where wrestlers will start in the neutral position and the first wrestler to score wins the match. If neither wrestler scores the match will continue with two 30 second periods from referees position.  If the match remains tied a 30 second utilmate tie-breaker period is utilized.

Penalty Points can be awarded to the opponent of the wrestler in violation of certain rules and conduct. The following is a list of commonly awarded penalty points.

  Warning  1st








 Illegal Holds/Maneuvers

Technical Violations


Unnecessary Roughness Unsportsmanlike Conduct

Not Reporting Properly Equipped







 1 Pt.  1 Pt.  2 Pts.  Disqualify
 False Start or Incorrect Starting Position   Following two cautions there is a 1-point penalty for each subsequent infraction
Coach Misconduct (during the match)  Yes Deduct 1 Team Point Removal of head coach from premises immediately on second penalty and deduct 2 team points. Removal is for remainder of the day.
 Unsportsmanlike Conduct - Contestants (not during the match), Coaches and Other Team Personnel  No Deduct 1 Team Point Removal from the premises immediately on second penalty and deduct 2 team points. Removal is for remainder of the event, day/dual meet or tournament.
 Flagrant Misconduct - Contestants  No Disqualify on first offense, deduct 3 team points and remove from premises immediately for the duration of the event. Contestant is eliminated from further competition for the remainder of a dual meet, multiple school event or tournament and no team points can be earned in an individual tournament.

Scoring Symbols

The NFHS Wrestling Rules Committee has adopted a set of scoring symbols to be used by scorekeepers. Properly used, the symbols will provide both coaches and referees a running account of the match being scored. It is important that scorers use only these authorized symbols.Scorekeepers shall circle the first point(s) scored in the regulation match.

T2 – Takedown

R2 – Reversal

E1 – Escape

N2 – Near fall

N3 – Near fall (5 seconds)

N4 – Near fall (as a result of injury or bleeding)

P – Illegal Hold/Maneuver or - Unnecessary Roughness

FS – False Start

C – Caution

C1 – Points Earned - After 2nd Caution

Sw – Stalling Warning

S – Stalling

W – Warning

▲ – Selects Up

▼ – Selects Down

= – Selects Neutral

F – Fall

TF – Technical Fall

Def – Default

IT – Injury Time

BT – Blood Time

TV – Technical Violation

For – Forfeit DQ – Disqualified

Dec – Decision

MD – Major Decision

RO – Ride-out

OT – Overtime

SV – Sudden Victory

CMw – Coach Misconduct Warning

TB – Tiebreaker

CM – Coach Misconduct

UTB – Ultimate Tiebreaker

IT – (= ▲ ▼) choice after 2nd injury Time-out

UCM – Unsportsmanlike Conduct - Match Point

UCT – Unsportsmanlike Conduct - Team Point

FMC – Flagrant Misconduct

Scorer Information

THE OFFICIAL SCORER shall be seated at the scorer's table and is responsible for: (a) recording points scored by each contestant when signaled by the referee; (b) circling the first point(s) scored in the regulation match; (c) recording the wrestler who makes the choice at the start of the second and third periods and the position of the wrestlers at the start of the second and third periods including overtime; (d) constantly checking with the visiting team's scorer; (e) immediately advising the match timekeeper when there is any disagreement regarding the score and advising the scoreboard operator or assistant scorers of the correct score during each match; (f) recording the completion time of matches; and (g) presenting the referee with the scorebook at the end of a dual meet for verifying of team scores and signature.

THE ASSISTANT SCORERS are responsible for recording points earned by each individual wrestler during the course of the match and circling first point(s) scored in the regulation match. As points are earned in a dual meet, a running team score shall be kept following each individual match.

THE MATCH TIMEKEEPER is responsible for: (a) keeping the overall time of the match; (b) recording the accumulated timeouts for injury and blood time; (c) monitoring recovery time; (d) notifying the referee of any significant situation when the match is stopped, or for disagreement by official scorer and timekeeper, or when requested by a coach to discuss a possible error; (e) assisting, when requested by the referee, in determining whether a situation occurred before or after the termination of a period; and (f) when a visual clock is not available, calling the minutes to referee, contestants and spectators and displaying with visual cards the number of seconds remaining in the last minute of the period at 15-second intervals.